VIONICA’S NUTRIENTS & SOME FAQs
IRON. Many active women have issues with iron (1-4). Iron deficiency can produce anemia. However, even milder deficiencies without anemia can affect energy & immune function (1). NOT all active young women have iron deficits. Still, in a study by Vionica’s formulator (11), almost all of 39 women fitness runners had below ideal readings for serum ferritin, a marker of iron stores (Link). If you wonder about your iron stores, ask a physician for a blood ferritin test.
Vionica contains Ferrochel® iron, which can have less digestive system problems, and sometimes better absorption, than commonly used iron forms (5-11). Vionica’s iron dose exceeds the Daily Value (DV) and the young adult woman’s Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). However, these assume that iron is coming mostly from meat, which gives a relatively high iron absorption. No iron supplement comes close to matching that absorption (12). Thus, a % DV for supplemental iron overstates the real contribution to iron needs.
COPPER. This mineral helps release aerobic energy (1,12) and eliminates free radicals (1,12), which can accelerate fatigue (13). Copper tends to be consumed below ideal levels by many people including young adult women (1,13-18). Also, eating above the current Recommended Dietary Allowance was shown in a study to improve exercise performance (19). Many supplements use copper oxide, which is not thought to be well absorbed (12), or copper gluconate, which has not fared well in published studies (20-22). Vionica contains copper glycinate which has done well in studies by the professor who developed Vionca (16,22-25).
ZINC. Zinc affects a lot of body processes and structures (26). Therefore, several zinc functions may impact exercise performance. One function is a role in the enzyme carbonic anhydrase. This function is reduced by moderately low zinc intake, which simultaneously reduces cardiorespiratory function during exercise (27). Multiple studies (28-31) find low zinc intake in active people. Also, in a US diet survey, about 40% of women ate under the zinc Recommended Dietary Allowance(32). Moreover, the zinc RDAs may not be set high enough (28,29). To make matters worse, exercise training may raise zinc requirements even more (30,33). So, it would seem that suboptimal zinc intake could occur in many active women. Vionica contains zinc glycinate, which has outperformed some other forms of zinc in certain studies (34-36).
IMPORTANT NOTE: In the study that led to Vionica (37), substituting generic mineral versions for the forms used in Vionica eliminated almost all the exercise performance benefits.
CARNITINE. This nutrient is needed to burn fat for energy (38) and affects blood flow that can impact exercise fatigue and recovery (39). Carnitne also helps copper with its energy release function (40). Although the body makes carnitine, intake adds to body stores (40). Supplemental carnitine has been shown to prevent blood carnitine drops after one type of exercise (41). It also has been shown to improve muscle recovery after exercise (42). An effect of carnitine on exercise-induced fatigue has not been shown yet in humans, but has been seen in other species (43,44). Vionica contains the absorbable carnitine equivalent of about 4 oz of beef (40).
PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE. Like carnitine, this molecule is both made by the body and eaten (45). This molecule could affect exercise performance by roles in the nervous system, through certain body enzymes, and by slowing inflammation, which can fatigue muscles and delay recovery (46,47). Supplementation with phosphatidylserine has lowered perceived fatigue during exercise (48), and has extended time to exhaustion in a long biking session (49).
What if I already take a multi-vitamin mineral supplement? It likely does not contain iron, and likely contains zinc and copper as oxides, which are not ideal forms of these minerals (12). If you use Vionica, but still want to take vitamins, you could buy a vitamin only supplement like Swanson product # SW1621. You would miss a few minerals that way, but you may not need to supplement those minerals anyway. A future version of Vionica will add the vitamins & minerals found in a typical multi supplement.
What if I am anemic, a high school cross country runner, an exerciser or athlete who is not a big runner, or a young man? Anemic: Vioncia could be part of an anemia treatment, but discuss your situation with a physician or dietitian. They can contact Dr Bob with questions. High schoolers: Vionica may improve your run times. However, since many of you have anemia and other issues, follow the same advice just given about anemia. Other exercisers/athletes: the published study saw effects on stationary biking and a step test in a fatigued state. So, Vionica may help with exertions besides running. Men: other than copper, the Vionica ingredients won’t help most of you.
Does Vionica come with a guarantee? No. The effects of this product depend on a person’s exercise training, background diet, and other factors.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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